Robert Delaunay (1885 - 1941) was a French artist who thought of colors as unique properties and phenomenon in the universe. His art focused on capturing the soul or essence of colors and their interplay with each other.

To this end, Delaunay co-founded a style known as Orphism, which is considered a branch of the more well-known Cubism. Orphism was different from Cubism in that is was even more abstract and rarely featured recognizable figures in favor of pure shape and color.

Works by Robert Delaunay hang in many of the world's best art museums, including: Kunsthaus (Zürich, Switzerland), Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden - Smithsonian (Washington D.C.), the Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo, New York), the Art Institute of Chicago, the Berkeley Art Museum, the Guggenheim Museum (New York), the Museum of Modern Art MOMA (New York), the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, the Honolulu Academy of Arts, the Bilbao Fine Arts Museum (Spain), the National Museum of Serbia (Belgrade), the Kunstmuseum Basel (Switzerland), the Peggy Guggenheim Collection (Venice), the Tate Collection (London), and the National Gallery of Victoria (Melbourne, Australia), and others.